Gabon foiled an attempted military coup on Monday, killing two
suspected plotters and capturing seven others just hours after they took
over state radio in a bid to end 50 years of rule by President Ali
Government spokesman Guy-Bertrand Mapangou announced the deaths and
arrests after soldiers briefly seized the radio station and broadcast a
message saying Bongo was no longer fit for office after suffering a
stroke in Saudi Arabia in October.
The quick failure of Monday’s coup and the lack of widespread support
suggest further efforts to overthrow Bongo are unlikely, analysts said. But the
attempt alone shows a growing frustration with a government weakened by the
President’s secretive medical leave.
On Dec. 31, in one of his first television appearances since the stroke,
Bongo, 59, slurred his speech and he appeared unable to move his right arm. It
is unclear if he is able to walk. He has been in Morocco since November to
In a radio message at 4:30 a.m. Lieutenant Kelly Ondo Obiang, who
described himself as an officer in the Republican Guard, said Bongo’s
New Year’s Eve address “reinforced doubts about the president’s ability
to continue to carry out of the responsibilities of his office”.
Outside the radio station, loyalist soldiers fired teargas to disperse about
300 people who had come out into the streets to support the coup attempt, a
Reuters witness said. Helicopters circled overhead and there was a strong
military and police presence on the streets.
Most of the beachside capital was quiet, however, and a
government spokesman said the situation was under control after the arrests.
Residents said Internet access was cut.
“The government is in place. The institutions are in place,” Mapangou told
The Bongo family has ruled the oil-producing country since 1967. Bongo has
been president since succeeding his father, Omar, who died in 2009. His
re-election in 2016 was marred by claims of fraud and violent protest.
The economy was long buoyed by oil revenues, much of which went to a moneyed
elite while most of the two-million population live in deep poverty. In
Libreville, expensive western hotels overlook the Atlantic Ocean to the west
and the capital’s hillside shanties to the east.
A sharp drop in oil output and prices in recent years has squeezed revenues,
raised debt and stoked discontent. Oil workers’ strikes have become more
common. Economic growth was 2 percent last year, down from over 7 percent in
The coup indicates “broad socio-economic and political frustration
with Gabon’s leadership, which has been weakened by the suspected
incapacitation of its strongman president,” Exx Africa Business Risk Intelligence said in a report.